Usually a child’s pain is obvious, and the cause is clear. Even infants can communicate pain through a loud and urgent cry.
Sometimes a child’s pain is less obvious, or completely obscured. This is frequently the case when a child experiences multiple procedures, or is non-verbal and unable to explain the pain in words.
These signs are very general and could be related to a number of other experiences. If you see any of these or other signs, talk with your child to find out how he is feeling.
Create some family words about pain – they can be real descriptive words, or words you make up together. If your child already uses specific words to communicate pain, use those pain words.
Try to relate your questions to something the child can describe. Older children can use formal pain scales – an example is included below.