Needle Related Procedures
Babies and children with retinoblastoma or at risk for this cancer experience many painful needle-related procedures throughout years of surveillance, treatment and follow-up care.
Lack of effective pain management during every procedure causes unnecessary distress to the child, their parent and the professionals delivering care, which can make it more difficult to complete these procedures effectively and safely.
Cumulative emotional and physical impacts of repeated painful procedures often lead to hidden psychological scars that can affect overall health and well-being, and influence healthcare seeking behaviour throughout life. Anxiety and lack of knowledge about how to effectively support their child can sometimes lead parents to refuse vital immunizations.